Water

This section of the Envirothon guide covers numerous topics pertaining to water including: water chemistry, hydrological cycle, water table, aquifers, porosity, movement of groundwater, wells, watersheds, streams & rivers, flow, alterations to a watershed, eutrophication, wetlands, lakes & ponds, lake turnover & stratification, estuaries, oceans, water pollution, movement of contaminants in water, remediation and water quality management.

Useful Resources:

Water Quality Cheat Sheet (pdf)

Dog Waste and Surface Water Quality (pdf) – DCR

Unused & Expired Pharmaceuticals (pdf)

Aquatic Invasive Species Brochure (pdf)

Pharmaceutical and Personal Care Product (PPCP) Pollution – EPA

Pharmaceutical Circle Simplified (pdf)

Climate Change Impact on Water Resources (pdf) – EPA

How to Deliniate a Watershed – NRCS

Thermal Pollution (pdf) – Wikipedia

Watershed Delineation video

Water Science School “Water Quality” – USGS

Climate Change Likely Makes Storms Like Sandy Worse – MIT Technology Review

Lakes and Ponds Program
Lakes and Ponds Guide


Principles of Water Resources
Cech, Thomas; J. Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, 2003

Dictionary Of Ecology and Environmental Science
Art, Henry New York 1994

Hands on Save Our Streams
Firehock, Karen Izaak Walton League of America, Inc; Gaithersburg, MD 1995

Basic Ground-water Hydrology
Heath, Ralph. U.S. Geological Survey Water Supply Paper 2220, 1998

Environmental Geology
Murck, Barbara & Skinner, Brian & Porter, Stephen C., John Wiley and Sons, Inc : New York 1996

Massachusetts Land and Pond Guide
Office of Water Resources, Lakes and Ponds Program, Boston, 2004
A Guide to Aquatic Plants in Massachusetts
New England Aquarium, Central Wharf, Boston, 1999

Modern Biology
Towel, Albert. Holt, Rinehart & Winston, Inc. Orlando, FL 1991

Ground Water and Surface Water: A Single Resource
Winter, Thomas & Harvey, Judson W., & Franke, O. Lehn & Alley, William M.
U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1139: Denver, Colorado, 1998.

For more information contact:
Kelley Freda